Blessed with enchanting landscapes and mystic Himalayas, this beautiful country has in store a lot for everyone visiting here. With different geographical features, Nepal has a lot to offer everyone and one can go through the inner core of the nature through the means of different exciting activities like hiking, peak climbing as well as Trekking in Nepal which is the most adventurous as well as full of enjoyment activity popular so far among many other numerous activities. Nepal trek is all about exploring the beautiful nature and the flora and fauna residing on it with highs and lows of the trekking trails. The magnificent giant mountains and the snow peaked Himalayas are worthwhile to view with one’s own eyes during the trek which enable one’s rusty and tired soul to pep up and spark with full of divinity. Himalayas and Adventure are the synonyms of each other as trekker gets to experience all the essence during the journey
1. Everest Region
The Everest or Khumbu region is justifiably the most famous of all trekking and mountain regions. Located in eastern Nepal, the Everest region offers a wide range of trekking experiences. From the Everest Base Camp trek (listed as one of the ten best trips in the world) to treks in remote semi-wilderness areas, there is much to choose from. Khumbu is also the home of the legendary Sherpas. The northen part of this region lies within the Sagarmatha National Park, which was established to protect the fragile ecosystem of the alpine region. To the east of the Sagarmatha National Park is the Makalu-Barun National Park, a remote and wild stretch of mountain peaks and deep, densely forested valleys. To the west is the Rolwaling valley, a well protected microcosm of cultures. The southern part is less frequented by tourists but could be a very rewarding destination in its own right. Mount Everest naturally is the major attraction here, but there are other 8,000 meter peaks in the region such as Lhotse, Cho Oyu and Makalu besides the many lesser peaks which are no less stunning. There’s more to Khumbu than just mountains. The stark beauty in the form of glacial lakes, resplendent rhododendron forests, native flora and fauna, charming villages and ancient Buddhist monasteries all add up to make this region an irresistible tourist destination.
Sagarmatha National Park
Most of the part of Everest trekking is within the boundary of Sagarmatha National Park. This national park is spread in an area of 1,148 square km in Himalayan ecological zone in the Khumbu region of Nepal.
Sherpa People & Culture
Everest region is the home of Sherpas. Sherpas are an ethnic group of Nepal. They are migrated from Kham region of eastern Tibet within the last 300-400 years. Most of the people who are working.
In Everest trekking the Tengboche Monastery is a famous Tibetan Buddhist monastery located in the Tengboche village in Khumjung. This monastery is also known as Dawa Choling Gompa. Situated at 3,867m (12,687 ft).
2. Annapurna Region
Annapurna trekking is another most popular destination for adventure travellers in Nepal. Trekking in this area offers good scenery of both high mountains and lowland villages. Annapurna trekking has also been recognized as one of the world’s best trekking trails according to survey by Modern Maturity (USA). As the name suggests, the centre piece of this place is the range of mountains that includes Annapurna I , the first of the 8000m peaks to be climbed. Also included in this region is another 8000m giant, Dhaulagiri, which is located west of Annapurna I. Between these two mountains lies the valley of the Kali-Gandaki River, the deepest gorge in the world. Views of lush, fertile farmland and stands of undisturbed natural forest, snow covered mountains and encounters with a mixture of many ethnic communities all add up to a diverse range of experiences that makes this area one of the most satisfying trekking destinations in Nepal.
The Annapurna Circuit trekking is the popular trekking routes of the Annapurna trekking likewise Jomsom, Annapurna Base Camp, Sikles, Lamjung, Dhaulagiri, Upper Mustang and around Pokhara. The best time to visit is during spring and autumn. The another fact of this region is Annapurna chain of mountains lies inland which causes a large chunk of land to fall in the rain shadow area. Hence these parts are considerably drier than the southern slopes of the mountains. This leads to unusually diverse landscapes and the possibility of trekking even during the monsoon season.
Annapurna Conservation Area Project
Annapurna is one of the most fascinating lands of bio diversity in the world. It is the largest protected area of Nepal.
Culture & People
One of the features of Annapurna trekking is life style culture of local people. Around and on the way of trekking, trekkers encounter villages of different ethnic people.
Annapurna Trekking Info
Annapurna Region is another most popular trekking region for Nepal travelers. Trekking in this area offers good scenery of both high mountains and lowland villages. This region has also been recognized as one of the world’s best trekking destination.
3. Langtang Region
Langtang area is toward the north of Kathmandu Valley. The scenery here is spectacular, and the trek more adventurous as the area is visited by fewer tourists. To the west of Langtang is Ganesh Himal with a range of 6000 to 7000 meters. The Gosainkund and Helambu region lies to its south; these can be combined with Langtang to make treks from 7 days to 21 days. The area was designated Nepal’s first Himalayan National Park in 1971; it is inhabited by Tamang and Sherpa people whose religious practices, language and dress are much more similar to those of Tibet than to the traditions of their cousins in the middle hills. The forests in the region have temperate and sub-alpine vegetation. Wildlife includes migratory birds, deer, monkey, Tahr and Pika. The best time for trekking the Langtang area is spring and autumn. Most of the trekking routes in Helambu and Langtang are well served with teahouses making independent trekking quite possible. But there are no such facilities in the Ganesh Himal area or Ganja La area. A journey to the Langtang valley offers an opportunity to explore the Tamang villages, climb small peaks and to visit glaciers at a more comfortable altitude than other trekking regions
Access to Helambu is particularly easy and quick. Sundarijal, which is one of the most convenient starting points, is an hour’s drive from Kathmandu. Other possible road heads are at Budhanilkantha, Kakani and four hour drive away at melamchi Pul. For Langtang and Ganesh Himal the Choice is limited drive to Dhunche in Rasuwa district. The road then continues to Syabrubesi from where Ganesh Himal and Langtang treks can start.
4. Restricted Region
There are many parts of Nepal into which the entry of foreigners is strictly controlled.restricted Many treks that may be suggested on a map are in restricted areas and you either cannot get a permit for those regions or must travel with a liaison officer and pay for a special permit. Some areas specifically closed to foreigners are: Walunchung Gola, Rolwaling and the route to Nangpa La in Khumbu. When planning your trek, assume that these areas will remain closed. Don’t count on a last-minute change in the rules. Police checkposts are numerous in the hills and police will turn you back if you try to trek into a restricted area.
Officially there are no longer any restricted areas in Nepal. The immigration office rules now state that “trekkers are not allowed to trek in the notified areas previously known as restricted”. Rather than get involved in all this semantic complication, the term “restricted” is used here to refer to places that are closed to trekkers, or open to trekkers only when accompanied by a policeman (a liaison or “environmental” officer).
There are many reasons why the restricted areas exist. In most cases, it is a hangover from a time when the border with China was more sensitive than it is now. Environmental groups, particularly the Nepal Nature Conservation Society, are pressuring the government to keep some places closed for ecological reasons to avoid both cultural and environmental degradation. Because trekkers require assistance when something goes wrong (accident, illness or theft), the government restricts some areas because it doubts that it could provide the security that trekkers need. There are also political reasons for some restrictions. In the 1970s, for example, the Jomsom trek was closed because a major foreign-aided military operation had been mounted there in support of the Khampas in Tibet.
There are many influences on the decision to open or close certain parts of Nepal to foreigners. Recent changes have liberalised both trekking and climbing, and there is considerable pressure to open more areas to trekkers. You should check with a trekking agency or the central immigration office before planning an unusual trek.
Dolpo Fees for treks to restricted areas range from US$70 per day (with a 10 day minimum) for Mustang to US$90 per week for Humla and Manaslu. You must also pay for a Nepal government official to accompany you throughout the trek.
Permits & Formalities
A trek to a restricted area must be arranged as a fully equipped organised trek through a registered trekking agency using tents, sherpa staff, cooks and porters. The trekking agency arranges the permit through a series of applications, guarantees and letters, a process that requires about two weeks and can be started only 21 days before the arrival of the group. You may not trek alone; there must be at least two trekkers in each group. For some areas there is a limit to the number of trekkers per season. There is no system of advance reservation, and no clear indication of what will happen if the quota is reached the day before you make an application.
Each group is assigned an “environmental officer” who will accompany it during the trek. Despite the fancy name, what you will get is a Nepalese policeman who you must equip, insure and take on the trek.